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The National Fruit Mango

Mango, cultivated in India since times immemorial, is regarded as the National Fruit of the country. Described as the Food of the Gods in the scriptures, the fruit is grown almost in all parts of India, except the hilly areas, but is mainly available in the summer season only. There are more than 100 varieties of mangoes in India, in a range of colours, sizes, and shapes.

The fruit comes in a wide variety of colours, such as green, yellow, red, and even various combinations of all these colours. Mango has a flat, oblong seed in the centre, which is covered by the sweet pulp. Covering the pulp is a thin layer of skin, which is peeled off before eating the fruit. When ripe, the unpeeled fruit gives a pleasant smell.

Warm and dry weather is required for the cultivation of the fruit. The mango tree grows very fast and can reach a height of as much as 65 ft. The life of mango trees is generally very long and some specimens are known to be over 300 years old and still fruiting.

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